Logical Reasoning MCQ Quiz 1

 Logical Reasoning MCQ Quiz 1

Logical Reasoning MCQ Quiz 1

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    This Logical Reasoning MCQ Quiz 1 is based on following questions. 

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1. The process by which conclusion is arrived at on the basis of other propositions is termed as

(a) Concept 

(b) Inference

(c) Connotation 

(d) Conference


2. Propositions that support the conclusion of an argument are called

(a) Inferences

(b) Premises

(c) Concepts

(d) None of the above


3. That proposition which is affirmed on the basis of premises is called

(a) Major term 

(b) Concept

(c) Conclusion 

(d) Syllogism


4. Deduction and induction are two main forms of

(a) Beliefs 

(b) Concepts

(c) Reasoning 

(d) Assumptions


5. A reasoning where we start with certain particular statement and conclude with a universal statement is called a

(a) Deductive reasoning

(b) Inductive reasoning

(c) Abnormal reasoning

(d) Transcendental reasoning


6. With which of the following terms, deduction inference can be identified?

(a) Synthetic 

(b) Analytic

(c) Both (a) and (b) 

(d) None of the above


7. Which of the following can be defined as a group of statements that have common conclusion?

(a) Proposition 

(b) Argument

(c) Concept 

(d) Fallacy


8. The premises provide conclusive grounds for conclusion in

(a) Inductive reasoning 

(b) Deductive reasoning

(c) Intuitive reasoning 

(d) None of the above


9. The defining feature of a valid deduction is its

(a) Vagueness 

(b) Uncertainty

(c) Indefiniteness 

(d) Certainty


10. Inductive arguments are typically

(a) Analytic 

(b) Synthetic

(c) Intuitive 

(d) Aesthetic

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11. The relationship between premises and conclusion in a deductive argument is basically of

(a) Cause–effect 

(b) Analytic–synthetic

(c) Implication–entailment 

(d) None of the above


12. In inductive reasoning, the conclusion is

(a) Probable 

(b) Certain

(c) Definite 

(d) Predictable


13. Inductive arguments are properly characterized as

(a) Valid–invalid 

(b) Strong–weak

(c) Definite–indefinite 

(d) Certain–uncertain


14. In logical reasoning, truth or falsehood is usually associated with

(a) Arguments 

(b) Inferences

(c) Propositions 

(d) Syllogism


15. Validity or invalidity may be predicted of

(a) Deductive arguments 

(b) Propositions

(c) Terms 

(d) Concepts


16. The falsehood of a valid deductive argument’s conclusion guarantees that

(a) The argument is sound

(b) At least one of the premise is false

(c) Premises are true

(d) The validity is uncertain


17. To be critical, thinking must be

(a) Practical 

(b) Socially relevant

(c) Individually satisfying 

(d) Analytical


18. Deductive argument involves

(a) Sufficient evidence

(b) Critical thinking

(c) Seeing logical relation

(d) Repeated observation


19. A fallacy is a

(a) True argument 

(b) False argument

(c) Valid argument 

(d) Invalid argument


20. Inductive reasoning is based on

(a) Uniformity of nature

(b) God created the world

(c) Unity of nature

(d) Laws of nature


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21. If it is possible for the premises of a deductive argument to be true and its conclusion to be false that argument is

(a) Valid 

(b) Invalid

(c) Indescribable 

(d) Sound


22. Consider the following propositions:

A is human and mortal.

B is human and mortal.

C is human and mortal.

D is human and mortal.

Therefore, ‘All humans are mortal’ is an example of

(a) Deductive argument 

(b) Inductive argument

(c) Syllogistic argument 

(d) None of the above


23. Which of the following describes a valid deductive argument with true premises?

(a) Sound 

(b) Unsound

(c) Fallacious 

(d) Ambiguity


24. A deductive argument is sound if and only if it is

(a) Valid and all its premises are true

(b) Invalid and all its premises are true

(c) Is valid and one of the premise is false

(d) Is valid and its conclusion is false


25. Lakshmana is a morally good person because

(a) He is religious. 

(b) He is educated.

(c) He is rich. 

(d) He is rational.


26. In terms of nature, both the premises and conclusion of an argument are

(a) Commands 

(b) Propositions

(c) Exclamations 

(d) Questions


27. Which of the following denotes a statement of relation between two terms?

(a) Proposition 

(b) Denotation

(c) Syllogism 

(d) None of the above


28. Structure of a logical argument is based on

(a) Formal validity

(b) Material truth

(c) Linguistic expression

(d) Aptness of examples


29. In a deductive argument, conclusion is

(a) Summing up of the premises

(b) Not necessarily based on premises

(c) Entailed by the premises

(d) Additional to the premises


30. Syllogistic reasoning is

(a) Deductive 

(b) Inductive

(c) Experimental 

(d) Hypothetical


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31. A syllogism must have

(a) Three terms 

(b) Four terms

(c) Six terms 

(d) Five terms


32. The two kinds of propositions are

(a) Connotative–denotative

(b) Categorical–conditional

(c) Both (a) and (b)

(d) None of the above


33. Which of the following denotes relation between two terms?

(a) Subject 

(b) Predicate

(c) Object 

(d) Copula


34. A deductive argument is valid if

(a) Premises are false and conclusion is true.

(b) Premises are false and conclusion is also false.

(c) Premises are true and conclusion is false.

(d) Premises are true and conclusion is true.


35. Which of the following statements are false?

I. Inductive arguments always proceed from the particular to the general.

II. A cogent argument must be inductively strong.

III. A valid argument may have a false premise and a false conclusion.

IV. An argument may legitimately be spoken of as true or false.

Codes:

(a) II, III and IV 

(b) I and III

(c) II and IV 

(d) I and II


36. The sum total of the objects to which the term can be applied is its

(a) Connotation 

(b) Denotation

(c) Meaning 

(d) Function


37. Denotation is the same as

(a) Extension 

(b) Intension

(c) Value 

(d) Dictionary


38. The function of suggesting qualities possessed by the objects is known as

(a) Evaluating 

(b) Denoting

(c) Connoting 

(d) Meaning


39. Connotation is the same as

(a) Intension 

(b) Extension

(c) Value 

(d) Meaning


40. In a categorical proposition, the predicate is either affirmed or denied of the subject

(a) Unconditionally 

(b) Conditionally

(c) Emotionally 

(d) None of the above


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41. The proposition ‘if you work hard you will succeed’ is an example of

(a) Categorical proposition

(b) Conditional proposition

(c) Negative proposition

(d) Pre-emptive proposition


42. A disjunctive proposition is a type of

(a) Conditional proposition

(b) Unconditional proposition

(c) Categorical proposition

(d) Imperative proposition


43. Which of the following statements are true?

I. Some arguments while not completely valid are almost valid.

II. A sound argument may be invalid.

III. A cogent argument may have a probably false conclusion.

IV. A statement may be true or false.

Codes:

(a) I and II 

(b) I, III and IV

(c) IV alone 

(d) III and IV


44. Affirmative or negative is the classification of propositions on the basis of

(a) Quantity 

(b) Quality

(c) Validity 

(d) Truth


45. Universal or particular is the classification of the propositions on the basis of

(a) Quantity 

(b) Quality

(c) Validity 

(d) Truth


46. A proposition in which the predicate refers to all individual objects denoted by the subject is called

(a) Particular 

(b) Negative

(c) Disjunctive 

(d) Universal


47. A proposition in which the predicate belongs only to a part of the denotation of the subject is called

(a) Particular 

(b) Negative

(c) Disjunctive 

(d) Universal


48. Individual propositions are to be regarded as

(a) Universal 

(b) Particular

(c) Negative 

(d) None of the above


49. The proposition ‘all men are mortal’ is an example of

(a) Universal affirmative

(b) Universal negative

(c) Particular affirmative

(d) Particular negative


50. The proposition ‘no men are perfect’ is an example of

(a) Universal affirmative 

(b) Universal negative

(c) Particular affirmative 

(d) Particular negative

Logical Reasoning MCQ Quiz 1 is below 👇


Logical Reasoning MCQ Quiz 1


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